Keep your Dogs Cool During Summer

Dog is a sensitive animal that have coat of fur around their body, this will allow them to feel the heat easily. In summer, your dog will really feel the heat and prone to heat stroke if you don’t take care of them. Keeping your dog cool is vital because heat stroke is a life-threatening condition. You can check the sign of your dog getting heat stroke, such aspanting excessively, moving sluggishly, woozy, and even losing consciousness. There are many ways to ensure that your dog keep cool during hot weather, you can try to get cooling dog vest, give them ice cream or another way. However, to ensure that you are capable to cool your dog in safe way, today I will provide you a step by step guide on how to make your dog cool during hot weather especially in summer.

The first step is make sure that you are providing constant access to water. You will need that you keep a filed water bowl near your dog. Make sure to frequently filled water bowl, I recommend you to get bigger bowl or simply get a few bowls to ensure that your dog are able to drink easily and quickly. If your dog keep drinking water, then make sure that you are set up a small wading pool or place that can be use for your dog to jump into water and keep his cool. Don’t build a pool that are too deep because your dog could drown. If you take your walk out, make sure to bring a water container or bottle and ensure that you give your dog frequently. Otherwise, you can simply pour the water over its body when your dog feels hot.

The next step is make sure that you keep your dog cool using various ways. Since your home will be the best place to cool your house, make sure to keep your dog indoors. Therefore, make sure that you leave air conditioning on your house on and leave it on during the day while your dog is alone. Make sure to set your air conditioning between 78 and 80 degrees. However, you can bring your dog into the coolest place in your home, such as your basement. Giving your dog a cooling pad is a good idea for your dog to cooling down, a great cooling pad is the one filled with a gel that draws the heat out from your dog body. If your dog are having thick and long coats, make sure that you groom your dog. However, make sure not to shave the dog completely to avoid the chances of sunburn. One of the most important things is make sure to watch your dog’s condition closely, if there is symptoms of heatstroke make sure to get water and cool it down. Otherwise if the symptoms continue, you can consult with doctor or get cooling vest for your dogs. This way, your dog will be able to keep cool even in the hottest summer.

 

 

Daisey’s Doggie Retreat

We are saddened by the information that Baroo pet care has needed to shut its business. We understand the significance of finding high quality pet care and want to offer all Baroo purchasers affected by this closure a $50 credit score to get started! With our in-home pet care software program, you should have full control and peace of thoughts that your pet is getting the love and a spotlight that they want. We sit up for having you as part of the Bark + Boarding family and may’t wait to hang around together with your pets quickly!

With Daycare Dining, we make sure that your dog will get refueled and fed through the keep. If your canine wants a bit rest, he or she is greater than welcome to get snug and chill out. We also supply daycare packages with discounts for our regular visitors. Contact us to see which daycare possibility works finest for you and your little pal. Millions of adorable photographs have been despatched by means of Rover! Receive a pic of your dog enjoying a spherical of fetch.

From trimming nails to reducing hair, to a full spa treatment, My Three Dogs can present your pet with any of the grooming services it wants. Our pet groomers are skilled professionals, and we’ll at all times have one groomer devoted to each pet that we work with so that we will provide your pampered pooch with personalised care. A growing variety of start-ups provide apps and gadgets that help you care for your pets. So-called pet tech — yes, it’s a thing — includes computerized deal with dispensers, surveillance cameras embedded with laser tips that could remotely play with your pets, and apps that connect you with a canine walker or sitter with the faucet of a button.

Suites include tempered glass doorways and spacious lodging. Also contains group playtime with webcams and potty breaks. The excellent accommodations for the savvy shopper who still wants all of it for his or her dog. Our dog groooming and boarding services offer 10,000 sq. toes of indoor and outdoor play areas, providing your pet with the perfect place to fun off some energy and make some new friends. Our doggie day care teams are separated by size and persona for the safety and pleasure of our guests, and our doggie care consultants provide constant supervision. When you need day care, boarding, or grooming providers for a doggie in your life, you possibly can always depend on My Three Dogs.

Pet day care is accessible to pets on the lookout for the final word day-long getaway. Drop off your pet within the morning and choose up your pet later within the afternoon. Pets will take pleasure in the same luxurious suites and condos as in a single exotic animal attacks on humans statistics day Guests, in addition to the same great amenities and providers. We do advocate booking appointments prematurely. You can accomplish that by giving us a call anytime throughout business hours!

Is your canine searching for a new hairdo? How about a little pampering? Grooming Newton dogs is considered one of our favorite providers! This is the place we truly get to indulge your 4-legged family member. c. Explain what points (including temperament) should dog owners guide 3 be considered when deciding on what breed of dog to get as a household pet. For more information, prices or to make an appointment, name (877) 4 WDW-PETS or (877) 493-9738, or visit the Best Friends Pet Care website Guests under 18 years of age must have mother or father or guardian permission to name.

Rover.com

We’ve moved! Best Friends Willow Grove has relocated to a brand new facility with state of the art features in your pet.

The webcam I tested, Petcube, features a Wi-Fi connection and a built-in laser pointer. When you view the dwell video feed of your pet via the app, just tap wherever you want the laser to land. Presumably your pet will chase the laser, so when you find yourself procrastinating at work, you possibly can remotely play along with your furry companion. Like us, many pets require prescribed medicines to be able exotic pet diseases to forestall, control or enhance their health condition. Whether your pet has lately been neutered, identified with an sickness, or simply wants its monthly heartworm treatment, our sitters can be found to make sure your pet will get their regular dose.

Every canine needs at least half-hour of exercise every day. Let us stroll and play together with your canine to help them dwell to their fullest! In the top, pet house owners will in all probability agree that know-how is not an enough substitute for human companionship. But some products are nice to have just in case you might be pressed for time. We now have eight,000 sq. ft of play area, splash park, luxurious suites, hospital grade cleanliness, and extra!

Bringing residence a brand new puppy is so thrilling! The trouble is, this may additionally result in torn sneakers, random potty stains and different dangerous habits! During their early months, good habits should be realized. Your pet needs consistency, routine and a spotlight. Not to worry! A dedicated and skilled Fetch! sitter will customize a feeding, train and training schedule simply dog strollers by will for your pup. I am so grateful to have discovered Presidential Pet Care. My husband and I can lastly go out of city without worrying about how our dog is being cared for. PPC providers are conscientious, reliable, caring, and compassionate. This isn’t only a enterprise, it is a ardour. They get 5 stars PLUS! Sign up to obtain updates, particular affords, program communications and different data from Petco.

Becky’s Pet Care

Join certainly one of our PetTech Certified Instructors to be taught Injury Prevention and Emergency Care skills. Courses deal with Pet CPR, First Aid and Care and are essential for pet dad and mom and pet professionals alike.

Does your dog need a comfortable, friendly home to stay at when you’re out of town? With Dog Boarding your pet will keep in the security and luxury of a sitter’s residence. Your pet might be matched with a home that matches their needs for a fun, hassle free keep so you can have peace of thoughts when you’re away! Choose a canine that matches your housing constraints. Large, lively canine dog owners guide 3 are not fitted to residence living. Provide an indoor crate and properly practice your canine to make use of a crate. Becky’s Pet Care constantly wins plenty of awards, demonstrating our commitment to quality pet care. Announcing round-trip transportation on your pup for our Boarding, Grooming, and Doggy Day Camp providers.

Your pet is a welcome guest in our house. Everything at Doggie Central is designed along with your pet in mind. Whether it’s canine day care, dog boarding, play time, or pool time we function first class amenities and a workers with over 20 years of expertise. Keep your dog on a leash when you are outside, unless you are in a secured, fenced-in space. If your canine defecates on a neighbor’s garden, the sidewalk or another public place, please clear it up.

First and foremost our precedence here at Daly Dog Care is your particular friend’s safety, happiness and guaranteeing that their experience here is a optimistic one. We treat all dogs as in the event dogs vs cats what pet is very best that they had been our own. We need you to rest assured that your companion will take pleasure in their stay at the Bitterroot Valley’s premier pet service. We’re situated on HWY 93, one mile south of Hamilton.

Welcome To Dandyland Pet Care Center

Our caring staff provides a secure, nurturing, and energetic day for your dog. We are Portland’s only nonprofit canine daycare and are owned and operated by Outside In. Our clients domestic cats domestic cat pictures domestic cat facts recognize that their canine receives a quality experience while they’re helping youth obtain job skills.

Does your dog need a comfy, friendly residence to remain at while you’re out of city? With Dog Boarding your pet will stay within the security and comfort of a sitter’s residence. Your pet will be matched with a home that fits their wants for a fun, problem free keep so you can have peace of thoughts while you’re away! Choose a canine that matches your housing constraints. Large, energetic canines dog quotes 2 aren’t suited for house residing. Provide an indoor crate and properly practice your dog to make use of a crate. Becky’s Pet Care consistently wins various awards, demonstrating our commitment to quality pet care. Announcing round-trip transportation to your pup for our Boarding, Grooming, and Doggy Day Camp services.

The entire on boarding course of was simple and thorough. I knew I was working with pet folks” right away. Alice was fantastic. She went above and beyond! We can be requesting her services again. Our first time using a pet sitter! Great! Herding canine – Includes Collies, German Shepherds Border Collies, Australian Shepherds and Shetland Sheepdogs – Bred for working carefully with humans to herd and defend livestock. Very trainable. Need lots of exercise and a clearly outlined job to maintain their minds busy. Please observe that Best Friends Pet Care cannot accommodate venomous pets or primates. Native wildlife or unique species are not allowed inside the facility.

At Healthy Spot, we perceive that canine are more than simply pets; they are household. That’s why we’re dedicated to offering, even the most discerning pet house owners, with a full range of wholesome, natural food lines as well as a wide selection of secure and eco-pleasant toys, treats, training tools, grooming merchandise, and services. Doggie daycare is a superb method for your dog to beat boredom, eradicate damaging habits, and get train at the similar time. Our facility helps meet the physical, mental and social wants of dogs, and the people who care for them. Pets keep their normal routine of exercise, feeding and playtime in the security and comfort of their residence atmosphere.

With 4 locations throughout the Charleston area, an expert workers of professionals, and a mission to provide canines with the best quality care doable, you’ll be able to at all times trust My Three Dogs along with your pet. No matter what kinds of companies your dog wants or how long he or she is staying with us, we’ll guantee that it is comfy, secure, and completely happy as long as it is with us. Pregnant girls, kids underneath the age of 5, senior residents and people with weakened immune methods ought to contact their doctor before purchasing or adopting a canine or caring for a dog and will contemplate not having a dog as a pet.

Not all pet resorts are created equal. We make sure that to permit 24/7 access to your pet. Do you’ve gotten a flight to catch at 6 am? Do you’re employed till eight at night time? This will not be a problem for us right here at Tenaker! Tenaker Pet Care Center has a 24 hour decide-up/ drop-off program , permits you drop-off or pick-up your dog any time that we’re not open. We provide you with a series of codes, the first code will let you into our facility and the second code will allow you to have entry to a run where you possibly can either choose-up or drop-off your dog! Come by for a tour and we’ll gladly show you the 24/7 space and reply any questions you will have about it. We do excursions Monday by means of Friday from 9am until 4pm and Saturday from 9am until 1pm at our doggy day care.

When your pet has errands of its own to run, call on our pet taxi services! We can transport your pet to all of their appointments. Whether you want your pet dropped off at the vet, groomer, airport, Grandma’s, or for boarding, your pet will make it there on time and in consolation! The dog has obtained more fun out of Man than Man has bought out of the dog, for the clearly demonstrable reason that Man is the extra laughable of the 2 animals. Merit Badge Worksheets & Requirements – with the revision dates, diagrams, charts, checklists, logs, and links you want.

Mount Pleasant & Summerville

Your dog is more than a best pal as he or she is an important member of your family. At My Three Dogs, we all know how essential your pet is to you, and we make sure that it receives the entire consideration, affection, safety, and comfort domestic cats domestic cat pictures domestic cat facts that it needs while it is underneath our care. Our educated employees will give your canine care that’s tailored to its particular wants and ensure that its time with us is completely pleasant from start to end.

There is a cause we’re known as the perfect dog daycare in Baltimore. Our number one precedence is the protection and look after our pups. Each dog in our pack is an extension of our family and each dog that walks by way of our door is treated as such. It’s our biggest pleasure to offer them with all of the exercise and love that we can supply; ensuring a happy and drained dog on the end of the day. You can rest assured that your furry, 4 legged member of the family is secure and safe while right here at Sobo.

Each dog does a easy evaluation before entrance into our dog daycare, so you possibly can really feel secure realizing every canine there is pleasant. To schedule your canine’s analysis, simply give us a name! Just as we humans love to be entertained and try new things, so do your pets. That’s why we take such delight in our Dog Daycare, which is a place for keeping your canine entertained, completely satisfied and mentally stimulated with video games, toys and healthy interactions.

Your canine will have the freedom to get pleasure from our 10,000 square foot facility in a means that suits it best, and will probably be stored below the supervision of our trained employees all through its keep to make sure its complete safety. All of our visitors obtain the eye and care that they want, and we do whatever it takes to verify their stick with us—regardless of how long or brief it’s—is a very satisfying expertise.

We make it so you do not have to worry about your pet. At our facility they are protected, healthy and having a blast! We even have on-website well being specialists in our facility’s animal hospital section, prepared in case something ought to come up. We can feed our meals, Iams Sensitive Stomach, or you exotic pet stories in the news may convey your individual with feeding directions. Meet your dog’s good match earlier than you e book. Schedule a free in-person Meet & Greet, right out of your Rover inbox.

That’s the speculation, no less than. Max and Cuddy are apparently daytime narcoleptics who could not care much less a few laser. And ultimately, paying for the $200 Petcube will in all probability make you remorse that you simply did not purchase a superior all-round webcam, like the $200 NestCam, which can be utilized as a full-time residence safety camera and an element-time pet digital camera. When boarding your dog, you might debate whether or not to make use of DogVacay or a reputable professional boarding service. But DogVacay gives you a clearer sense of the place your dog sleeps, and an individual’s front room might be a much less irritating setting than a pet kennel.

Pet Care Baileys Crossroads

Our workforce is happy to be taught extra about you and your pets in order that we will present outstanding service. Please take the next 10 minutes to provide us with additional information by finishing our new shopper type so we are able to match you with essentially the most certified canine walker or pet sitter on our staff.

Pet day care is on the market to pets in search of the last word day-lengthy getaway. Drop off your pet within the morning and decide up your pet later within the afternoon. Pets will get pleasure from the identical luxurious suites and condos as overnight Guests, as well as the same nice facilities and companies. We do advocate booking appointments prematurely. You can do so by giving us a call anytime during enterprise hours!

The Whistle location tracker is situationally helpful. The $eighty tracker is pricey to make use of, because it requires paying a subscription payment of $7 a month. But for many who are paranoid about hiring walkers or boarding animals, Whistle will present some confidence that your pet is the place it is purported to be — and if your furry pal broke free and got lost, you’d have the flexibility to track it.

Suites come with tempered glass doors and spacious lodging. Also contains group playtime with webcams and potty breaks. The excellent accommodations for the savvy shopper who still desires it all for their dog. Our dog groooming and boarding services supply 10,000 sq. toes of indoor and out of doors play areas, providing your pet with the perfect place to fun off some power and make some new pals dog meals treats for sale dry wet dog meals sold on line pets at. Our doggie day care groups are separated by dimension and personality for the safety and enjoyment of our guests, and our doggie care consultants provide fixed supervision. When you want day care, boarding, or grooming services for a doggie in your life, you’ll be able to at all times rely on My Three Dogs.

The whole on boarding course of was easy and thorough. I knew I was working with pet individuals” right away. Alice was great. She went above and past! We will likely be requesting her companies again. Our first time using a pet sitter! Great! Herding dogs – Includes Collies, German Shepherds Border Collies, Australian Shepherds and Shetland Sheepdogs – Bred for working intently exotic pets with people to herd and shield livestock. Very trainable. Need numerous exercise and a clearly defined job to maintain their minds busy. Please observe that Best Friends Pet Care can’t accommodate venomous pets or primates. Native wildlife or exotic species will not be allowed inside the facility.

I additionally used a generic automatic pet food dispenser for a few year with Cuddy. Not only did the product’s motor eventually die, however the bowl was typically full of food because my cat refused to eat her kibble unless I fed her myself. Even cats are social creatures, and they grow attached to the hand that feeds them. A Petcube spokeswoman stated the product was a high-high quality digital camera and its laser pointer was a central feature that people use to play with their pets.

The Whistle location tracker is situationally helpful. The $80 tracker is pricey to make use of, as it requires paying a subscription price of $7 a month. But for individuals who are paranoid about hiring walkers or boarding animals, Whistle will provide some confidence that your pet is the place it’s speculated to be — and if your furry good friend broke free and acquired lost, you’d have the flexibility to track it.

Poison Control

Jordan’s Pet Care is a boutique dog walking and pet care service in Park Slope, Brooklyn and the encompassing neighborhoods. We supply the personal attention, consolation, and reliability of a person dog walker with the flexibleness of a pet care company in order to meet and exceed your entire pet care wants. We focus on providing the best stage of canine strolling and cat care in addition to wonderful customer service. At Jordan’s Pet Care we take pleasure in treating all animals with compassion, love, and respect.

We have an exquisite however excessive upkeep cat, resulting from health issues and a very social character. We feel so much more comfortable leaving him behind after we travel since discovering Presidential Pet Care. It’s so fantastic to have the ability to avoid the stress induced by boarding him at the vet and to not have to fret about his well being issues whereas leaving him at house. We really feel our cat is in the very best hands now, and we have noticed that he’s considerably more relaxed when we come again dwelling. We plan on staying with Presidential Pet Care so long as we’re within the space and completely recommend them!

When your pet has errands of its own to run, call on our pet taxi services! We can transport your pet to all of their appointments. Whether you want your pet dropped off at the vet, groomer, airport, Grandma’s, or for boarding, your pet will make it there on time and in comfort! The canine has received extra enjoyable out of Man than Man has received out of the dog, for the clearly demonstrable motive that Man is the extra laughable of the 2 animals. Merit Badge Worksheets & Requirements – with the revision dates, diagrams, charts, checklists, logs, and hyperlinks you want.

Full service grooming on your pup – together with a thorough brush, a warm bath with premium shampoo and conditioner, ear cleansing, nail-clipping and more! At Doggie Central we all know what your pet means to you. We are pet homeowners, identical to you so we treat each pet like they’re our own. Cat litter, canine litter, wild chicken meals, dwell & frozen food and outsized items could incur a further per-merchandise transport & dealing with charge or surcharge. Additional charges might apply and will probably be famous on the Product Detail page and/or Shopping Cart.

Is your dog searching for a new hairdo? How about a bit pampering? Grooming Newton canine is one in every of our favourite services! This is where we truly get to indulge your 4-legged member of the family. c. Explain what points (together with temperament) must dog quotes 4 be thought-about when deciding on what breed of dog to get as a family pet. For more info, prices or to make an appointment, call (877) four WDW-PETS or (877) 493-9738, or go to the Best Friends Pet Care website Guests below 18 years of age must have guardian or guardian permission to name.

Hounds – Includes Afghans, Beagles, Dachshunds and Greyhounds – also bred for hunting. Use scent or sight to trace and chase prey. Independent, very targeted when tracking. To see our facilities in-particular person, be happy to cease by during any enterprise hours. We’ll be completely happy to say good day and show you round. Above all, I would advocate dog homeowners consider putting in the Wag app. It is handy to have whether you have to hire walkers typically or just occasionally. You conform to receive occasional updates and special gives for The New York Times’s services and products.

All canine participating in our daycare or boarding providers must first attend a meet and greet with our group. That manner, we are able to determine if your pup is the correct match for our open play atmosphere. You can book a meet and greet by calling (703) 278-2021 or by emailing [email protected] Also, you’ll be dog vs dog 4 able to convey your dog to our facility for a free, no obligation tour! c. Tell some specific characteristics of seven breeds of dogs (one from every main group), OR give a brief historical past of 1 breed. It doesn’t happen typically, but if your sitter has to cancel, we’ll work with you to discover a new sitter.

Pet Meds

We’ve moved! Best Friends Willow Grove has relocated to a brand new facility with state of the art options to your pet.

The webcam I tested, Petcube, features a Wi-Fi connection and a constructed-in laser pointer. When you view the dwell video feed of your pet by the app, just faucet wherever you need the laser to land. Presumably your pet will chase the laser, so when you’re procrastinating at work, you possibly can remotely play with your furry companion. Like us, many pets require prescribed drugs in an effort exotic pet diseases to prevent, control or enhance their well being condition. Whether your pet has recently been neutered, diagnosed with an sickness, or just wants its month-to-month heartworm treatment, our sitters are available to ensure your pet will get their regular dose.

Your dog can have the liberty to enjoy our 10,000 square foot facility in a method that fits it finest, and it is going to be kept underneath the supervision of our trained staff throughout its stay to make sure its complete security. All of our friends receive the attention and care that they want, and we do no matter it takes to verify their stay with us—regardless of how lengthy or quick it’s—is a totally pleasant expertise.

I also used a generic automatic pet food dispenser for a couple of year with Cuddy. Not only did the product’s motor eventually die, but the bowl was often filled with food as a result of my cat refused to eat her kibble until I fed her myself. Even cats are social creatures, and so dog strollers by will they develop connected to the hand that feeds them. A Petcube spokeswoman said the product was a excessive-high quality digicam and its laser pointer was a central function that individuals use to play with their pets.

We have giant, rambunctious canines, and they are great with them. The dogs bought great walks daily and all the animals got numerous love and a spotlight, and our neighbors remarked at how nice PPC was with our canine – holding the routine, reinforcing good habits, and simply usually nice care throughout. Maybe you simply wish to socialize a new puppy? No worries, there are many buddies ready on-website, and even out there to go residence with you a similar day! Yes, in partnership with Homeward Trails , we offer adoption providers as nicely! Find a qualifying product. Make positive the product you would like to value match is similar to our competitor’s product.

Your pet is a welcome guest in our house. Everything at Doggie Central is designed along with your pet in mind. Whether it is canine day care, dog boarding, play time, or pool time we function firstclass facilities and a workers with over 20 years of experience. Keep your dog on a leash if you end up outside, unless you are in a secured, fenced-in space. If your dog defecates on a neighbor’s lawn, the sidewalk or any other public place, please clean it up.

DogVacay is an app that allows you to board your canine at an individual’s house moderately than a standard boarding service. Hosts title their worth and you’ll seek for them based mostly on their location and dates of availability. It took one try to find a host who may board Max for a day, and the overall experience was smooth. After booking and paying $60 for the boarding, I dropped Max off for his slumber celebration.

Blue Dog Boarding And Daycare Kensington

Dogs are as much part of the American landscape as baseball and apple pies. But any resolution so as to add a canine companion to the family have to be fastidiously researched before a profitable adoption can happen.

To schedule a no obligation tour or to ebook your canine’s day, spa companies, or weekend at our facility, merely call and our staff will care for the remainder (we do not require reservations for daycare). Bring any meals, medication or bedding your canine may have. When you choose your pooch up, they are going to be comfortable and content material from a full day of play. Don’t miss out! Enter your e mail to get all of the news, events, and animal ideas with Becky’s Pet Care electronic mail publication. Check out all of the fun now we have a Summit Pet Care by following us on social media! You could even see an image of your personal furry pal!

There is a purpose we are often known as the most effective canine daycare in Baltimore. Our primary precedence is the safety and take care of our pups. Each dog in our pack is an extension of our household and every dog that walks by our door is handled as such. It’s our greatest pleasure to supply them with all of the exercise and love that we can offer; guaranteeing a cheerful and tired dog on the finish of the day. You can rest assured that your furry, 4 legged family member is safe and secure while right here at Sobo.

Text is out there below the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; extra terms could apply. By utilizing this web site, you comply with the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-revenue organization. Dogs enjoy dog star every day the company of their human relations. Try to spend as much time training and taking part in along with your canine as possible. Thank you so much for all the superior e-mailed pictures. They actually made our trip away from Jeter so much simpler.

Why should in a single day visitors have all the fun? Doggie Day Care permits your dog to play outdoors in the contemporary air with their associates. Whether your canine needs to romp and play every day or simply now and again, Doggie Central’s Dog Day Care delivers for every pooch. We plan every each day activities to suit your canine’s wants; from all day play to structured group play, all under the supervision of our professional canine care counselors.

Where Wag truly shines is the expertise of connecting you with a walker. You can e-book a selected date and time prematurely or summon a walker as soon as attainable, and the app will match you up with someone who is accessible. When I selected dog vs dog to e book a stroll instantly, a walker confirmed up at my door to fetch Max about 30 minutes later. The American Kennel Club (AKC) divides all recognized breeds into teams in accordance with the job for which they were originally developed.